Year Two Modules

Conflict and reconciliation
Credit points:  15
Why some conflicts fail to resolve, professional approaches to conflict management, social and psychological dimensions of conflict, and the impact of conflict upon the person, the couple, the family, the group, the organization, and the nation.
Social, cultural and ethical issues
Credit points:  15
  • Philosophical treatments of morality and ethics: universal or conventional? Cultural and social factors in ethics.
  • Key elements of professional ethics: consent and autonomy. Research ethics. Some great research scandals.
  • Confidentiality non-maleficence
  • Autonomy and power.  Capacity, and decision making. Advanced directives, powers of attorney
  • Neo-Aristotelian approaches. Care, beneficence, and non-maleficence. Risks of exploitation and the role of an ethics code in protecting children and vulnerable adults. Parens patriae and safeguarding, Independent safeguarding agency.
  • Social and political approaches.  Principles of justice and human rights.
  • Society and culture.  Emic and etic approaches.  Big group and small group sociology.
  • Are there cultural and social universals, and therefore the possibility of a transcultural psychotherapy.
  • Theorizing and practising between cultures.  Hegemony. Cultural competence
  • Social institutions.  How to embed ethical awareness and cultural competence in professional practice.
Theories of personal change
Credit points:  15
  • Scheme for classifying and analysing psychotherapy and counselling approaches
  • Why interpersonal problems do not spontaneously resolve, and theories of people getting ‘stuck’
  • Addiction as an explanation of ‘stuckness’
  • Personality and its use as an explanation of resistance or inability to change, or as a source of resilience
  • Theories of how personality develops and how, if at all, it changes
  • Psychoanalytic theories of personality in professional practice and popular culture
  • Schema theory and cognitive approaches to psychotherapy
  • Group psychotherapy and theories of interpersonal change factors
  • Narrative theories
  • Synthesis
Psycho-analytic Theory (PGDip only optional)
Credit points:  15
  • Precursors of psychoanalysis. Mesmer and the Nancy school, theories of the cognitive unconscious, Breuer, actual neurosis, 19th. century accounts of child abuse, Kraftt-Ebbing, and the Project
  • Screen memories and the Oedipus complex, hysteria, repression, the return of the repressed, transference, the topographical model, resistance, the semiology of symptoms
  • The elaboration of meta-psychology, drive theory, the structural theory of the mind, narcissism,  fixation of sexual development.  The critiques of Jung, Adler, and Groddeck.  The defence of Anna Freud.
  • Fairbairn, Rivers, and anthropology.  The problem of reality.  Child analysis. Klein.  Object relations theorists. Kernberg
  • Empiricism and psychoanalysis.  Balint, Winnicott, Grinker, Bowlby
  • Empiricism and psychoanalysis 2. Developmental psychology.  Kanner, Bick, Mahler, Spitz, Stern
  • Ego and identity: ego psychology, Erikson, self psychology of Kohut
  • Language and psychotherapy: the French school, Deleuze, Lacan
  • Modern developments: relational, interpersonal, intersubjective
  • Critiques of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic responses: the hermeneutic turn, narrative theory, feminist, Marxist, and queer theory critiques, empirical critques (Gruenberg), ad hominem critiques (Masson). 
Cognitive Bahavioural Theory and Practice (PGDip only optional)
Credit points:  15
  • The history of CBT, and the introduction of its key concepts based on then contemporary science: behaviour therapy, first wave CBT, second wave schema-based therapy, third wave therapies focussing on ruminations, using mindfulness, compassion, and calls to forgiveness.
  • CBT techniques, goals setting, agenda setting, homework assignments, behavioural experiments, formulation
  •  CBT in practice: Socratic questioning, here and now focus, the presenting problem
  • Identifying maintaining factors: automatic thoughts, core beliefs and schemata, ruminations
  • Changing factors that maintain distress or psychological disability, or contribute to relapse
  • Conditions that can be most effectively ameliorated using CBT, CBT practitioners conceptions of disorder
  • Anxiety disorders.
  • Trauma and post-traumatic disorder
  • Habit disorders, impulse disorders, addictions: CBT formulations of these and evidence for efficacy.  Cultural constructions of disorder e.g. personality disorder and CBT responses to them.
  • Distillation of CBY principles that may apply to other professional practices: the example of motivational interviewing
Research Supervision (2 terms MSc only)
Credit points:  15

Choosing an appropriate supervisor (with assistance from the programme leader or a tutor); arranging meetings as appropriate; devising methods of working together, for example by the exchange of drafts; setting and reviewing termly objectives; developing and refining a research question; drafting and redrafting a research proposal; drafting and redrafting a research ethics application, if required; choosing research participants; reviewing research methods if necessary; undertaking data analysis; critically assessing data analysis; preparing a literature review, methods, and results section of a dissertation; considering the significance of the findings with the supervisor; drafting and redrafting a project discussion; completing the written dissertation with an abstract, tables, etc.; checking that references are in the Harvard format and correcting any incomplete references; preparing a fair copy for submission.

Final Project
Credit points:  60

15000 words